CHITEST (ActualRange,ExpectedRange)

  • is the array of observed values.
  • is the array of expected values.
    • CHITEST(), returns the test for independence.


  • It is a test for independence.
  • This function gives the value from the chi-squared distribution and the appropriate degrees of freedom i.e it calculates   statistic and degrees of freedom, then calls CHIDIST.

The conditions of   test is

The table should be 2x2 or more than 2x2
Each observations should not be dependent
All expected values should be 10 or greater. 
Each cell has an expected frequency of at least five.
  • The   test first calculates a   statistic using the formula:


  •   is the array of the observed values in a given set of values
  • observed and expected must have the same number of rows and columns and there must be atleast 2 values in each.
  • A low result of   is an indicator of independence.
  • From the formula of   we will get   is always positive or 0.
  • 0 only if   for each   and  .
  • CHITEST uses the   distribution with the number of Degrees of Freedom df.
  • where   and  .
  • If   and  , then   or if   and  , then  .
If   then this function will give the error result
  • The obtained result is entered in the Chi square distribution table with the obtained degrees of freedom.
  • This returns the test for independence (probability).


  • The syntax is to calculate CHITEST in ZOS is  .
    • where  is the array of observed values.
    •  is the array of expected values.
  • For e.g;CHITEST([60,72,86,45],[57.08,75.10,87.1,42.45])
Chi-Squared Test


A student investigated the chance of getting viral fever in a school for a period that took vitamin tablets every day. The total number of students 880. In that 639 students didn't get viral fever and 241 students got fever .But the expected ratio is 1:3

  • If the ratio is 1:3 and the total number of observed individuals is 880, then the expected numerical values should be: 660 will not get fever and 220 students will get fever.
No Fever Get Fever
Observed Values 639 241
Expected Values 660 220
  0.668 2
  • The   value is 2.668
  • Now  
  • From the Chi Squared Distribution probability table with   is 1, the   value of 2.668 is 0.10.

CHITEST(or,er) = 0.10

Related Videos

Chi Square Test

See Also


CHI-SQUARE Distribution