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  • is the value from to .


  • This function gives the result for the function of Riemann-Zeta function.
  • It is also known as Euler-Riemann Zeta function.
  • This function is useful in number theory for the investigating properties of prime numbers.
  • It is denoted by .
  • This function is defined as the infinite series .
  • When the value of s=1,then this series is called the harmonic series.
  • When it is increase without any bound or limit, then its sum is infinite.
  • When the value of s is larger than 1,the the series converges to a finite number as successive terms are added.
  • The riemann zeta function is defined for Complex numbers also.
  • So is a function of a complex variable ,where and t are real numbers.i is the imaginary unit.
  • It is also a function of a complex variable s that analytically continues the sum of the infinite series , which converges when the real part of s is greater than 1.
  • It is defined by : where =Real part of s>1.
  • We can define this by integral also:
  • Riemann zeta function is a meromorphic function on the whole complex s-plane, which is holomorphic everywhere except for a simple pole at s = 1 with residue 1.
  • For special values:
  • (i)Any positive integer 2n.
where is a Bernoulli number.
  • (ii)For negative integers:
  • For n ≥ 1,so in particular ζ vanishes at the negative even integers because Bm = 0 for all odd m other than 1.
  • For odd positive integers, no such simple expression is known.
    • When s=1,then ζ (1) is Harmonic series.
    • when s=2, then ζ (2) derivation is Basel problem.
    • when s=3, then ζ (3) derivation is Apery's constant.
    • When s=4, then ζ (4) derivation is Planck's law.


  1. =RIEMANNZETA(0)= -1/2
  2. =RIEMANNZETA(4) = π^4/90
  3. =RIEMANNZETA(-25)= -657931/12.

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See Also